Chuvash Wedding is one of the most importantlife events (along with the birth or death), it symbolizes the transition to a new stage - the creation of a family, procreation. Hardening, family well-being since ancient times was actually a vital purpose Chuvash. To die without having been married and do not continue the race, it was considered a great sin. Preparing and conducting traditional Chuvash wedding - not just a holiday, and careful observance of rites, with sacred meaning.
Chuvash Wedding traditions and ceremonies
Wedding traditions of the Chuvash people haveancient roots and is motivated by a domestic reality (for example, the bride-price or dowry, which compensated the families of the costs of the wedding, help the young financially settle) and religious beliefs (protection against evil forces, the attraction of happiness). Wedding process of courtship before mating ritual takes several weeks. It was performed in a specific order, followed by a specially chosen man of the groom's relatives.
Search and selection of the bride and groom
In the search for the second half of the Chuvash been takengo away from his native village. It was better if she was living in neighboring and distant settlements not to accidentally select a wife of someone from relatives. Residents of one village could consist in the near or distant relatives, and on the traditions of the Chuvash, marry relatives to the seventh generation is prohibited.
In this connection common to several villagesholidays were common - and there occurred, as a rule, dating between the Chuvash youth. Sometimes the choice of the groom / bride's parents were engaged, but the tradition was made to ask the consent of the young before the wedding. The manifestation of sympathy for the girl expressed donation personally embroidered handkerchief elect, and the guy treated your favorite goodies.
Choosing narrowing groom to announce itparents who had to make before the wedding, they take in their family healthy, well-educated girl. As the future wife was supposed to be a full-fledged worker in the house of her husband, her diligence and housekeeping skills were assessed very carefully. Mature bride Chuvash traditionally considered to be more valuable than the young, since the latter is usually less dowry and experience of management.
The ritual courtship
The most popular time for matchmaking Chuvashthink spring. To the girl, according to tradition, were sent matchmakers: Senior boyfriend (close relatives of the groom, who negotiated with the parents of the bride), younger boyfriend (chosen among the young groom's relatives, it had an obligation to communicate with the retinue of the bride, intone the song at the wedding) and other relatives or close friends. The total number of matchmakers must always be odd.
Matchmakers sure to bring drinks and goodies(Past - in an odd number). Chuvash This tradition stems from the fact that the actual couple (the bride + groom) to matchmaking yet. If the restriction were selected parents, the first matchmaking took the groom, so he could look at the bride and get acquainted. If the girl did not like the guy could abandon the wedding.
Arriving at the bride's house, the two men took their seatsin the middle of the hut and started a conversation with his father a clever girl, avoiding their intentions posts. As a rule, they talked about selling anything. The bride's parents, keeping the tradition of Chuvash, answered that do not sell anything, and then the two men invited to the conversation itself the bride, revealing the purpose of the visit.
If matchmakers able to negotiate with their parentsgirl, parents across the guy with goodies for the love and the final agreement on the bride-price and dowry came a few days to the bride. Relatives of the bride was preparing a response food, and the bride, respecting tradition, he gave future relatives towels, shirts and other gifts. At the festivals agreed on the wedding day - usually three or five (necessarily odd number) weeks after the courtship.
As a dowry for the wedding was allowed homeutensils, clothes, cattle and poultry. The bride-price, which had to pay the groom, were money, animal skins, products for the wedding feast. Chuvash This tradition has been preserved until now, but as a dowry give only money, its size can not be stipulated in advance (someone pays a large sum, someone - a symbolic, just to keep the tradition).
Sending money is always going to dowrywedding in the house of the bride. Her family put on the table bread and salt, and the groom's father by tradition should be put on a loaf purse with kalym. The girl's father or, if there is no father, relatives of seniority, taking dowry is returned to the purse always with on-chip in it, so that future money relatives were not translated.
Chuvash wedding ceremony included a lot ofcustoms and traditions, which vary depending on geographic Chuvash residence. Of great importance for the performance of rites was how betrayed bride - with by capture (when the girl forcibly taken away to the groom's house) or by agreement. Chuvash wedding traditionally begins at the same time in the homes of the spouses, then the groom goes to the house betrothed, takes her to his luck, where the holiday ends.
For 2-3 days before the wedding, the young (each in itsvillage), together with friends and family all the relatives avoided. wedding beer traditionally brewed well in advance. Chuvash wedding began with cleaning and bath for the young and their families. After the usual bath for cleanliness, the bride was put another one - for a ritual cleansing from evil spirits. Then the young dressed in new clothes, asked the elders to bless the wedding, and then start all ceremonies and rites.
Chuvash folk song, lament
In some ethnic groups Chuvash (grassroots,srednenizovyh) at the wedding the bride is required to perform ceremonies mourning. This tradition has been preserved in some places still. On the wedding day, before finally leaving the parental home to go to a narrowing, Chuvash girl should sing a sad song, crying with lamentations about how she did not want to go away from home in a strange, break away from the family.
By tradition, started at first lament marriedsister (or cousin), showing a young, right. Then the bride is picked up and tearfully lamenting loudly, remembering their parents, brothers, sisters, childhood homes. Each Chuvash bride folded song in their own way. Continuing inconsolable wailing girl hugging turn all their relatives, friends and fellow villagers, as if saying goodbye.
In time, gave the bride came up cryingbeer bucket, where he had to put coins. The money for the Chuvash tradition called "tribute crying" (or "vytnye money"), later the young has put them in his bosom. Rite crying lasted for several hours, until the girl is not taken away to a narrowing. It is noteworthy that during the mourning bride gathered in the house were dancing and clapping, trying to amuse the young.
Wedding in the bride's home
While the guests gathered in the house, praying forwelfare of young, prepared meals and waited for the train of the groom, a young girlfriends dressed up in a separate room. To let directly into the bridal house the entire procession of the groom was not accepted. According to tradition, the Chuvash, first mates had to pay her father the bride a nominal fee (no bride-price). After that, visitors were allowed inside, young watered beer and seated on a special place, where the girl's parents underlay the money, and the guy took them myself.
Began banquet guests had fun, danced, thenwithdrawn bride covered the wedding veil. She began to sing the traditional song-Chuvash crying with lamentations, after which it was taken away to her spouse home. When leaving the village behind the groom performed the rite of expelling evil spirits - narrowing struck three times with his whip. Back bridal train with songs and music.
A wedding in the groom's house
While the guests were going to (relatives, friends,villagers groom), future husband dressed in a wedding dress Chuvash close relatives. Then the bridegroom went out into the courtyard with the guests, where the first dance songs (dancing boyfriend and the guys, bachelor) began. After dancing all went into the house, we were treated to a drink. The best man and the groom's bachelor danced again, all having a good time, then went to the house of his future wife. Such a train headed by the groom traditionally accompanied all the way music and songs.
Returned home of the bride, as a rule,evening. Observing Chuvash rite, the young sent to sleep with the groom's relatives, all participants of the ceremony and the bridegroom's relatives were at his house to spend the night. On the following morning, the ceremony took place in a church wedding. After marrying all returned to the house, a young shooting a wedding veil, then traditionally dressed in clothes of a married woman, and the marriage lasted.
After the wedding, we perform many differentChuvash rites. So, at the gate of her father near the young broken raw egg. In the house of her husband a couple of fried eggs necessarily fed liquid milk - this tradition at the wedding symbolizes a happy family life. All important ceremonies ended provozhaniya newlyweds on the marriage bed: just a couple locked up for an hour or two in the room, then raised their daughter in law (or matchmaker).
After the young will visit the marriage bed,newfound wife traditionally sent to fetch water. Young had a bucket to draw water from any source and to bring into the house. In this case-law kicked three full bucket leg, and had to recruit young again, only the fourth time she was allowed to carry the water. After all the ceremonies, guests feasted another day - this Chuvash wedding ended.
The first three days after the wedding, newly-made wifeYou can not get out. This is done by close relatives and young gives them for that small gifts. The bride after the wedding to be seven times bestow in-law. In the first year after the day of the wedding, according to tradition, the Chuvash, pedigree families visit each other's homes. Thus strengthened family ties.
A week after the wedding, the young with their parentsit was necessary to visit his father in law. After another three weeks again drove to the test, but this time with my parents and one of his relatives. After six months in-law went to the house has a number of 12 people (with a new husband parents and relatives), the visit lasted three days, and the young family received the remainder of the dowry (livestock).
Another Chuvash tradition forbids newlywedssinging and dancing at a wedding ceremony. It was believed that if the groom is singing a song or danced at her wedding, the young wife would be hard to live in a marriage. Cheerful young could for the first time only at the first visit after the wedding day visiting in-law. But modern Chuvash newlyweds often violate this tradition, performing the first wedding dance immediately after the ceremony.
National Chuvash wedding dresses
The bride wore a custom of the Chuvash to the weddingembroidered shirt and caftan, girded blue or green sash. Mandatory attributes were boots, gloves, fur hat with a coin about the forehead, neck decoration with coins and beads. Presented bride during courtship embroidered handkerchief guy append at the waist from behind, and in the hands had to keep his whip. By tradition, the groom could not remove all of the above for the wedding, even in hot weather.
Full wedding dress the bride with the Chuvashornaments weighing more than 15 kg, of which 2-3 kg were silver coins, which richly embroidered hat and a special tape-cape over his shoulder. Shirt, apron and clothes (robe or coat) tradition is also decorated with embroidery. Required attribute of the female wedding dress Chuvash were numerous jewelry: rings, bracelets, neck, chest and waist pendants, purse and mirror, hung on a belt.
Traditionally, wedding dresses, especially Beaniebride, entirely embroidered beaded ornaments, shells and coins. Figures Chuvash suit, as a rule, they were geometric and had a secret ritual meaning, coins sewn so that the motion could publish jingle, so the wedding Chuvash never been silence. The veil of the bride should always be white, with embroidery on the sides.
Video: Chuvash wedding ceremony before the wedding
Chuvash wedding - noisy, fillednumerous rituals process. Fun lasts a few days, it is involved in the whole village. Modern Chuvash rarely comply fully wedding traditions, but some traditions are popular so far. Honeymoon outfits and rituals at the wedding of the Chuvash - a colorful show look at that come even from far away. To admire the amazing rituals you can Chuvash people, watching the video below.