The people of Tatarstan, resettlement throughoutRussia - a nation with a rich cultural and historical heritage. Language differences, national ceremonies, which were created over the centuries, a certain effect on the way of life of each Tatar. The uniqueness of the nation's evident in the wedding traditions, re-emerging today. Tatar wedding - the most important event in the future of the Muslim family. Rich national customs of the ancient people make this holiday a truly original and interesting.
Preparations for the celebration
Preparing for Tatar celebration beginslong before the official date of the wedding. Pre-marriage with the blessing before the mullahs passes matchmaking and collusion between the parents of the future bride and groom. Young in the negotiations do not participate. matchmaking process is divided into three stages:
- bride bride,
- a story about the groom,
- Negotiations between the parties.
Representatives of the bridegroom are the Matchmaker(Yauchy) plus one elder relative. If the first two stages of courtship is successful, the last stage they are joined by the groom's parents. During the final negotiations, the parties discussed the wedding material and other aspects of the new life of the Tatar family: the future newlyweds residence, obligations of the parties for the purchase of furnishings for living young, the income of the groom, the volume and composition of the dowry for the bride and other issues.
By tradition, the ransom must be paid before or at thewedding day in full. The composition may include dowry of gold jewelry, sets of winter and summer clothing, linens, dishes, a certain amount of money. Wedding bride's dowry is not discussed during the conspiracy. If the parties come to an agreement about the positive outcome of the negotiations reported newlyweds, engagement date is assigned. Then begins the discussion of Tatar wedding celebration, which includes:
- Wedding ceremony Nikah - Muslim marriagewhich is held in the mosque or in the house of the bride. It consists of prayers, reading the Quran, religious teachings and instructions given. Marriage sacred vows themselves give any couple or their representatives.
- Registration of marriage in a registry office, which legally binds the family union. Submission of the application takes place on the day of the engagement, after which the bride is considered betrothed girl (yar? wk? n Kiz).
- Tatar wedding (Tui) - holiday thatIt lasts for many days, first in the house of the bride, then the groom's house. In the modern version of a wedding party can spend a few days in the banquet hall of the restaurant.
If the bride and groom are very familiar, with the parentsboth sides and the participants agreed to the wedding, the arrangement and the engagement is carried out in a single day. In the house of the bride covered the holiday table. Parents of prospective spouses negotiate the conclusion of marriage, exchange gifts. After completion of the transaction and of the engagement start to prepare for the Tatar weddings.
Preparation Tatar holiday activitiesIt takes an average of 3 to 5 weeks. Groom collects and often paid dowry, buying gifts for the bride, her parents and relatives to the wedding. The bride is finalizing a dowry, which began preparing as early as adolescence. The parents, close relatives from both sides engaged in the organization of a wedding celebration.
Decoration of celebrations venue
Tatar wedding is celebrated for many days. Decorating the venue of the celebration depends on the taste, desire, religious preferences of the groom, bride and their parents. Popular as the standard wedding decorations, such as balloons, garlands and intricate flower arrangements, and national decor: embroidered tablecloths, dishes with Tatar ornaments, small pillows with an ornament. Especially religious couples wedding room decorated with elements of spiritual guidance, family life parting words from the Koran.
Musical accompaniment Tatar weddingcelebration is selected in accordance with the format of the event, tastes, preferences, honeymooners and families. Popular songs of contemporary artists in the Tatar and Russian languages. Widely used as melodic and rousing folk songs and timeless musical wedding symbols, for example, Mendelssohn's march.
Traditional Tatar outfits newlyweds
Traditional Tatar outfits newlywedsdifferent from the usual European outfits. The bride - a symbol of modesty and virtue wedding. White bride dress should cover the maximum whole body, including the hands, neck and neck, see photo below. Long Wedding Dress (as an option - a tunic with trousers) must be complemented by a hat, for example, a scarf that covers the hair completely. Bride is permissible to leave open the hands and face, all the other parts of the body should be hidden from the view of prying loose-fitting clothing made of thick fabric.
By the addition of the Tatar groom presented lessrequirements than to the bride's dress. The bridegroom at a wedding can be a classic suit of black, dark blue or any other color, complemented by a white shirt and tie. Tips for choosing the groom dress for the celebrations of the Tatar do not differ from the recommendations of the European wedding. The only feature - mandatory headgear Suite: skullcap.
of Tatar script wedding
The success of the celebration depends Tatarby thoughtful script, which must include the wedding customs and traditions. To the holiday was fun, interesting, like the guests, arrange in advance with the master of ceremonies for all the subtleties and nuances that you want to take into account at the ceremony. For your convenience, we offer ready-made script with replicas of the main actors, taking into account the main wedding rituals.
Matchmakers come to the bride's house. Parents are welcome guests, was escorted into the house to start negotiations. According to the ancient tradition of wedding Tatar all conversations are conducted in the early stages metaphorically to evil spirits did not spoil the conspiracy. Present: Matchmaker, groom's uncle, father and mother of the bride.
Father of the Bride:
- Hello, dear guests! What complaint?
- Hello! Thank you for your hospitality! We have for you a good thing! We heard that you own treasure - uncut jewel of high purity, amazing unearthly beauty. It's true?
Father of the Bride:
- People say different. And you cares about this?
- We would like to take a look at the treasure. If the rumors are true and we will like it, we want to offer your valuables decent frame. It is not only many times will increase the value of the treasures, but also a long time will keep him from any dangers and troubles.
Father of the Bride:
- To us, many are turning to such proposals. Why do you think that your frame is the best?
Swat in detail starts to praise the groom,Uncle complements his story about the virtues of the future spouse: a loving, caring, well earns honors and respects elders, bad habits are not religious, etc. After the story matchmakers show the bride, then move to a discussion of the wedding dowry. The initial redemption Tatar representatives of the groom to know in advance the parents newlywed.
- People say the truth! Your treasure really has a unique beauty, worthy of only the best. We want to offer a good price, which will compensate your loss.
Father of the Bride:
- But we do not sell! Our treasure us dearly. We appreciate it, cherish, cherish. How much are you willing to offer, if we decide to sell?
There is an active, long wedding bargaining forbride. Swat, the groom's uncle is trying to bring down the price, the parents of the bride to increase the value of the Tatar dowry. When the preliminary agreement is completed, the parties agree on the next meeting and say goodbye. At the last stage of the Tatar matchmaking parents are present on both sides, which discuss in more detail the material questions relating to life together, a life of a young family, including the organizational aspects of wedding.
In Tatar traditions on your wedding day parentsbride to take a future husband from his home and taken to a special room for a future wife, which is called the house of the groom (kiyau Ay). Earlier this specially constructed temporary premises near the house parents of the bride, is now removed a hotel room or a separate apartment. Besides redemption of the bride groom, which takes place at this stage of the Tatar wedding ceremony, this room is designed for the wedding night the newlyweds.
Wedding procession arrives at kiyau Aye. Relatives, friends of the bride do not let the bridegroom, while he does not pay the full dowry or does not pay the extra money. Leads ransom or wedding toastmaster, or a relative of the bride. Tatar wedding begins with the meeting of the groom and his relatives said lead:
- Hello, dear guests! Introduce youreself. What complaint?
Groom calls his name, replies that came to pick up the bride.
Wedding master pulls a sheet of paper, symbolizing the marriage contract, begins to reconcile data:
- Yes that's right. I have written: Ruslan (groom's name) agrees to pay a predetermined fee in the amount of 50 000 rubles. for a penny (bride's name). You prepare a dowry?
Groom together with the witness begins to paywedding dowry. Leading the list of checks, accompanying action comic remarks, praise newlywed gifts. The main amount of money, large gifts Tatar bride money may be transferred to the parents of the bride before the wedding and during the ceremony organized by the payment of a small and symbolic gifts in view of the ancient traditions. For example, the bride can bring decorative barrels filled with honey and butter give jewelry, etc.
After the payment of dowry TatarHe continues to hold the leading comic wedding contest. Interesting ideas presented in the article "Tenders for bride price." Having successfully passed all the difficulties, the tests on the way to the bride, the groom takes a narrowing of kiyau Aye. Then, the couple, together with their relatives and wedding guests leave the ceremony Nikah.
Tatar wedding ceremony is held eitherthe mosque or in the house of the bride. At the ceremony there Mullah, newlyweds, close relatives of the bride and groom. The ritual lasts about an hour, it is carried out in silence behind closed doors. Mulla takes place at the head of the table, the newlyweds are on the male half, or in front of him. The wedding ritual begins with a prayer, during which the bride and groom stand. Then, in accordance with Islamic regulations give the newlyweds marriage vows.
Ends wedding wedding ceremonydeclaration of legal newlyweds husband and wife in the face of God, spiritual parting words, prayers from the Koran. At the end of the sacred ritual of family give gifts Mullah, congratulated the newlyweds with a legitimate Muslim marriage. After the Tatar Nikah ceremony wedding procession leaves for marriage registration in registry office.
After the official wedding ceremony begins long celebration of Tatar wedding. The event is divided into several stages:
- celebratory feast in the house of the bride's parents;
- move his wife to the husband;
- wedding feast in the family home of the groom.
According to tradition, the parents of the bride Tatarbe sure to cover the holiday table in his house for the newlyweds meeting after the registrar. The bride and groom seated at the head table of the wedding, the young wife sits on the right side of her husband. On the part of the bride's parents arranged her husband and son-in near - young parents. On the left side of the table - the relatives of the bride, on the right - the groom's family. Begins Tatar wedding festivities with traditional treats, national dances, competitions, entertainment.
Festive feast in the house of the bride's parentscompleted the wedding night the newlyweds in kiyau Aye. The next day, the wedding traditions of Tatar youth drowned bath, treat pancakes and fritters. Newlyweds receive congratulations from numerous relatives from the bride and groom, neighbors, friends, acquaintances. After several days of celebration of the rite is carried out to move his young wife in the house of her husband. Then the wedding feast lasted for several days.
Moving wife in her husband's house
Tatar wedding includes a special ritual -wife move into the house of her husband. The ritual has a significant impact on the future relationship between the parents and the newlywed daughter. Even at today's weddings taken to comply with the traditional customs during a meeting future relatives. Ritual helps the bride to show their best qualities of his wife and housewife. For parents, the groom is a good opportunity to show kindness to the daughter personally express wishes of a happy family life newlyweds.
On the day of the move of his wife in her husband's house, the groom takesbride from home. Young at Tatar wedding traditions accompany relatives of the bride, and meet the parents of the future husband. In his home rite begins with the arrival of the procession. Under the feet of the bride of the male guests puts skin or pillow as a sign of special honor to the guests, a warm greeting. Mother of the bride and older sister are treated to a daughter with bread and honey, to the relations between them were kindhearted. Relatives of the bride offer to dip his hands in the flour that was prosperity in the new family, presented a variety of animals.
Entering the house, the young wife committing Tatarhome lighting wedding ritual (s kiender?) hang new towels, wall fabric decoration, beautiful curtains, spreading mats. Ritual helps daughter get used to her husband's house and show her dowry relatives spouse. Wedding ceremony - bride support for water (su whirligig to pc t???) - The ability to show their daughter domesticity, accuracy: the smaller it will shed the water, the more respect to it. Moving the wife to her husband completed the exchange of gifts and the wedding feast in the new house.
Wedding feast and national food
Tatar wedding involves a wide feasta large variety of national treats. Traditionally at the beginning of the celebration serves hot and cold appetizers, followed shurpa - a thick soup of lamb and homemade noodles, the rest of traditional wedding meals. During the feast serves fruit drinks, fruit juices, carbonated and non-carbonated water. Alcoholic beverages are prohibited Nikah celebrations.
Especially for the celebrations are preparing two Tatarlarge geese that symbolize the new couple. Traditionally carve this wedding meal entrusted only to the older man, who is appointed by the bridegroom's parents. Home ritual task - not to hurt the bird bone, cutting the carcass into pieces. Removal of geese accompanied by the award of numerous gifts of money to young couples.
Of particular importance is the ritual feeding, cutting several Tatar wedding dishes:
- Gulbadam - indoor wedding cake with a multilayer filling (meat, rice, cottage cheese, raisins), which is made to order in front of the triumph;
- chak-chak - traditional Tatar sweetness, consisting of fried dough with honey, is prepared by the bride.
The wedding Gulbadam can carve likemen and women alike. Liability of nominating the groom's parents. Just before the ritual cake covered a large handkerchief, to which guests have to put the money, buying refreshments. Cut Gulbadam carefully, in one motion, in four parts, to avoid damage to the middle of the wedding cake, preserving its multi-layered. One-fourth of the pie by custom take the groom's parents, and then to give to relatives, who could not come to the wedding, the remaining part shall be distributed among the guests.
Neither Tatar wedding is complete withoutchak-chak - treats the bride (Kiz to m h?). This dish is served at the end of the event, along with other sweets and tea. The man who will cut the wedding chak-chak, appointed by the bride's parents. Traditionally, this role goes to his older brother's wife and aunt of the bride (Kiz ginga). Before bunching were traded between relatives, the wedding guests. As is the case with Gulbadam, chak-chak cut into four parts: one take the groom's parents, and the rest is distributed among those present.
Video: customs and traditions in the Tatar wedding
Tatar wedding, held inaccording to all the traditions and customs - a big celebration, which begins with a long, happy life of the young couple. Sacred vows, which give the bride and groom before the mullah and close relatives, religious events give special solemnity, bonded family unit for years to come. Warm words and sincere wishes of relatives, the joy, the happiness of the newlyweds will live in the memory of the newlyweds and wedding guests.
Even if you decide to organize a modestevent, ceremony simplifying or abandoning several Tatar wedding ceremonies, remember that the main point of the pious Nikah - strengthening love for each other. By creating an alliance, do not forget about mutual respect, trust between husband and wife, who are a strong foundation for any couple. A beautiful, touching wedding ceremony Wedding Tatar see in the video: